Instruments of Torture

Crux CRUX, an instrument of capital punishment, used by several ancient nations, especially the Romans and Carthaginians. The word Cross is also applied to Persian and Egyptian punishments, but Casaubon (Exer. Antibaron. XVI.77) doubts whether they describe the Roman method of crucifixion. From Seneca (Cons. ad Marc. XX, Epist. XIV.1) we learn the latter to…