Promoting metal as art and culture

Niklaus Manuel

He was a gifted artist who made highly realistic etchings and became known locally for his satirical plays. He became known internationally as a friend of Huldrych Zwingli from his teenage years and a strong supporter of the Protestant Reformation. In Bern, he campaigned for the reformed cause with Berchtold Haller, the priest at St…

Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin (born 1594, Villers, Francedied Nov. 19, 1665, Rome, Papal States) French painter. Except for two years as court painter to Louis XIII, he spent his entire career in Rome, where he became an admirer of ancient Roman civilization. In early works, he depicted themes from Classical mythology in a painterly style reminiscent of such…

Nicholas Kalmakoff

Of Russian and Italian parentage, Kalmakoff spent his childhood in Italy where he also briefly studied painting. In 1903, he rejoined his family in Russia and became involved in Diaghilev’sMir Iskusstva (World of Art). He designed numerous theatre sets; his 1908 design for Oscar Wilde’s Salome was censored for its overt sexuality. In 1920 Kalmakoff travelled to Helsinki,…

Moritz Ludwig von Schwind

Schwind, Moritz von (1804–71), Austrian painter, illustrator, and writer, who was famous for his prodigious fairy‐tale paintings and drawings and his fairy‐tale contributions to the Münchner Bilderbogen (Munich Broadsheets), one of the most popular series of broadsheets in the 19th century. After studying art and philosophy in Vienna, Schwind moved to Munich in 1828 and…

Mikhail Vrubel

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel (Russian: Михаи́л Алекса́ндрович Вру́бель; March 17, 1856 – April 14, 1910, all n.s.) is usually regarded amongst the Russian painters of the Symbolist movement. In reality, he deliberately stood aloof from contemporary art trends, so that the origin of his unusual manner should be sought in Late Byzantine and Early Renaissance painting.…

Mihaly Zichy

Mihály Zichy (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈmihaːj ˈzitʃi]; German: Michael von Zichy; October 15, 1827, Zala, Hungary – February 28, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia) was a Hungarian painter and graphic artist.Mihály Zichy was a significant representative of Hungarian romantic painting. During his law studies in Pest from 1842, he attended Jakab Marastoni’s school as well. In Vienna…

Michelangelo Buonarroti

“Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet. He was one of the founders of the High Renaissance and, in his later years, one of the principal exponents of Mannerism. Born at Caprese, the son of the local magistrate, his family returned to Florence soon after his birth. Michelangelo’s desire to become an artist was initially opposed…

Michael Wolgemut

Wolgemut trained with his father Valentin Wolgemut (who died in 1469 or 1470) and is thought to have been an assistant to Hans Pleydenwurff in Nuremberg. He worked with Gabriel Malesskircher in Munich early in 1471, leaving the city after unsuccessfully suing Malesskircher’s daughter for breach of contract, claiming she had broken off their engagement.…

Michael Pacher

Born in a town near the Austro-Italian border, Michael Pacher is recorded in 1467 as an established master in Bruneck (Brunico), where he had a workshop for making altarpieces. He was equally adept at painting and wood carving, and his commissions often were for the German-type altar: sculptured centerpiece, carved Gothic pinnacles above, a predella…

Maximilian Pirner

Maximilian Pirner (1854-1924) was a Czech painter. A member of the Vienna Secession and associated with the Czech Secession art movements, Pirner’s usual themes were classical mythology (such as his Medusa (1891) and Hecate (or Hekate) (1901)) and the macabre (such as Sleepwalker (or Girl in Her Nightie Walks on the Window-Ledge) (1878), Daemon Love…

Maxim Nikiforovich Vorobiev

Maxim Nikiforovich Vorobiev (1787-1855) was a Russian Romantic landscape painter. Vorobiev was born into the family of a soldier, who on retirement became a guard in the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. There, Maxim was admitted in 1798 where he initially studied architecture but graduated as a landscape painter in 1809. In 1814 he became an…

Max Klinger

Max Klinger (born Feb. 18, 1857, Leipzig, Ger.died July 5, 1920, near Naumburg) German painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He is known for his use of symbol, fantasy, and dreamlike situations, reflecting a late-19th-century awareness of psychological depths. His vivid, frequently morbid imaginings and his interest in the gruesome and grotesque can be seen in his Goyaesque…

Matthias Gerung

Matthias Gerung (b N?rdlingen, c. 1500; d Lauingen, 1569/70). German painter, miniature painter, and woodcut and tapestry designer. He was probably the son of Matthias, a N?rdlingen shoemaker known as Geiger (d 1521), and probably served an apprenticeship in N?rdlingen with Hans Sch?ufelein. By 1525 he was established as an artist in Lauingen, then part of…

Martin Van Maele

Martin van Maële (born as Maurice François Alfred Martin van Miële; October 12, 1863 – September 5, 1926) was a French illustrator of early 20th century literature. He is renowned for his work in the field of erotic literature. He was born in the commune of Boulogne sur Seine, once an important industrial town, near…