Alfred Leopold Isidor Kubin

Alfred Leopold Isidor Kubin (10 April 1877 – 20 August 1959) was an Austrian printmaker, illustrator and occasional writer. Kubin is considered an important representative of Symbolism and Expressionism.  Kubin was born in Bohemia in the town of Litomice, which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. From 1892 to 1896, he was apprenticed to…

Alexandre-Marie Colin

Alexandre-Marie Colin, a French painter of historical and genre subjects, was born in Paris in 1798. He was a pupil of Girodet. His religious and historical paintings are characterised by a style based on a careful study of the old masters, while his genre pieces are vigorous and life-like. Amongst these latter may be noticed…

Alexandre Seon

Alexandre Séon (1855, Chazelles-sur-Lyon, Loire – 1917) was a French Symbolist artist, illustrator and decorator. Séon studied at the Beaux-Arts of Lyon and Paris, becoming a student of Puvis de Chavannes in 1891, with whom he later collaborated. He was closely associated with Joséphin Péladan and his Salon de la Rose-Croix, and designed the frontispiece…

Alessandro Allori

Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori (31 May 1535 – 22 September 1607) was an Italian portrait painter of the late Mannerist Florentine school. Born in Florence, in 1540, after the death of his father, he was brought up and trained in art by a close friend, often referred to as his ‘uncle’,…

Albrecht Durer

The National Gallery has acquired its first oil painting by Albrecht Durer. It is the only example by the 15th-century German artist to be found in any British museum. By Andrew Graham-Dixon. Almost unnoticed, Neil MacGregor, director of the National Gallery, has been determinedly pursuing an unfashionable but enlightened acquisitions policy. He has been buying…

Albrecht Altdorfer

Albrecht Altdorfer (c. 1480 – February 12, 1538) was a German painter, printmaker and architect of the Renaissance era. He acquired an interest in art from his father, Ulrich Altdorfer, who was a painter and miniaturist. At the start of his career, he won public attention by creating small, intimate modestly scaled works in unconventional…

Alberto Martini

Alberto Martini (November 24, 1876 – November 8, 1954) was an Italian painter, engraver, illustrator and graphic designer. Critics have described Martini’s range of work from “elegant and epic” to “grotesque and macabre” and consider him one of the precursors of Surrealism. Martini was born in Oderzo, Veneto and received his early training in drawing and…

Albert-Joseph Penot

Albert Joseph Pénot (1862–1930) was a French painter known for female nudes. Today, he is more popularly and specifically recognized for a subset of paintings centring on women of darker, more macabre themes. Pénot was concerned first and foremost with anatomically accurate portrayals of women. Singular female forms were the implicit focus of his work, whereas the…

Albert von Keller

He was born at Gais, in Switzerland; he studied at the Munich Academy under Lenbach and Ramberg, and must be counted among the leading colourists of the modern German school. Travels in Italy, France, England and Holland, and a prolonged sojourn in Paris, helped to develop his style. He was awarded gold medals in Munich…

Albert Pinkham Ryder

The Spouter Inn, New Bedford, in Melville’s Moby Dick, had on its wall a strange painting, ”thoroughly besmoked, and every way defaced”, with such ”unaccountable masses of shades and shadows, that at first you almost thought some ambitious young artist, in the time of the England hags, had endeavoured to delineate chaos bewitched.” It was ”a boggy,…

Albert Maignan

Albert Pierre René Maignan (Beaumont-sur-Sarthe, 14 October 1845 – Saint-Prix, 29 September 1908) was a French painter and historical illustrator. Most of his work was devoted to historical subjects, but he also painted portraits. In 1864, at the age of 19, Maignan left his home to study law in Paris, where he graduated in 1866. During…

Albert Bierstadt

Albert Bierstadt, was born in Solingen, Germany. He was only about two years old when his family moved from Germany to New Bedford in Massachusetts. In 1853 he returned to Germany to study in Dusseldorf, where he refined his technical abilities by painting Alpine landscapes. After he returned to America in 1857, he joined an…

Adriaen van de Venne

Van de Venne was born in Delft. According to Houbraken he learned Latin in Leiden. He learned to paint from the master goldsmith and painter Simon de Valk, and afterwards learned to engrave from Jeronimus van Diest, a good painter of grisailles. He then moved to Middelburg in 1614 where he was influenced by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Pieter Brueghel…

August Bromse

August Brömse, who was born in Frantiskovy Làzne and attended the Akademischen Hochschule fur bildende Kunste in Berlin, was one of many Czech artists influenced by contemporary German art and culture, especially by the graphic work of Max Klinger. According to Otto M. Urban. The series The Girl and-Death, which originated in Berlin in 1901-1902,…

Adolf Frey-Moock

Adolf Frey-Moock was born in Switzerland (in Jona, not Jena as often recorded) where he was apprenticed to learn the trade of decorative fresco painting in churches. After several months as a touring artisan (during which he painted the Schöne Brunnen in Nuremberg), he entered the Academy in Munich where he studied with Wilhelm Diez. Although he…

Adam Elsheimer

His perfectionism, and an apparent tendency to depression, resulted in a small total output, despite the small size of all his pictures. In all about forty paintings are now generally agreed to be by him (see Kressmann below). He made a few etchings, not very successfully. However, his work was highly regarded by other artists and a…

Jean Delville

Jean Delville (19 January 1867, Leuven – 1953) was a Belgian symbolist painter, writer, and occultist. In 1896, he founded the Salon d’Art Idealiste, which is considered the Belgian equivalent to the Parisian Rose & Cross Salon and the Pre-Raphaelite movement in London. During the last decades of the 19th century, many people in the…

Xavier Mellery

Xavier Mellery (b Laeken, nr Brussels, 9 Aug 1845; d Laeken, 4 Feb 1921). Belgian painter, decorative artist and draughtsman. A gardener’s son, he was brought up in a quiet suburb of Brussels, bordering the Parc Royal. He studied under the decorative artist Charles Albert (1821-89) and then, between 1860 and 1867, took a course…