Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Altere, 4 October 1472 – 16 October 1553), was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation, whose cause he…

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Maria Cosway

Maria Cosway (11 June 1760 – 5 January 1838) was an Italian-English artist, who exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in London. She also worked in France, where she cultivated a large circle of friends and clients, and later in Italy. She commissioned the first portrait of Napoleon to be seen in England. Her…

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Marten De Vos

Marten de Vos (1532 – 4 December 1603), also Maarten, was a leading Antwerp painter and draughtsman in the late sixteenth century. Like Frans Floris, he travelled to Italy and adopted the mannerist style popular at the time. De Vos was also highly influenced by the colors of Venetian painting, and might have worked in the…

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Martin Schongauer

Schongauer, Martin (mär’tēn shōn’gou-ər), 1430-91, German engraver and painter, son of a goldsmith of Colmar, Alsace. Schongauer’s only certain painting is Madonna of the Rose Arbor (1473; Church of St. Martin, Colmar). The strong figures and faces are treated with the almost metallic sharpness and linearity that later characterized his engravings. There also exist fragments…

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Matthias Gerung

Matthias Gerung (b N?rdlingen, c. 1500; d Lauingen, 1569/70). German painter, miniature painter, and woodcut and tapestry designer. He was probably the son of Matthias, a N?rdlingen shoemaker known as Geiger (d 1521), and probably served an apprenticeship in N?rdlingen with Hans Sch?ufelein. By 1525 he was established as an artist in Lauingen, then part of…

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Maurits Cornelis Escher

M.C. Escher (1898-1972) produced work that remains among the most widely reproduced and popular graphic art of the twentieth century. His brain-teasing prints use interlocking shapes, transforming creatures, and impossible architectures to challenge the viewer’s perceptions of reality. Expressing what he called a “keen interest in the geometric laws contained by nature around us,” his…

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Max Klinger

Max Klinger (born Feb. 18, 1857, Leipzig, Ger.died July 5, 1920, near Naumburg) German painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He is known for his use of symbol, fantasy, and dreamlike situations, reflecting a late-19th-century awareness of psychological depths. His vivid, frequently morbid imaginings and his interest in the gruesome and grotesque can be seen in his Goyaesque…

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Maximilian Pirner

Maximilian Pirner (1854-1924) was a Czech painter. A member of the Vienna Secession and associated with the Czech Secession art movements, Pirner’s usual themes were classical mythology (such as his Medusa (1891) and Hecate (or Hekate) (1901)) and the macabre (such as Sleepwalker (or Girl in Her Nightie Walks on the Window-Ledge) (1878), Daemon Love…

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Michael Pacher

Born in a town near the Austro-Italian border, Michael Pacher is recorded in 1467 as an established master in Bruneck (Brunico), where he had a workshop for making altarpieces. He was equally adept at painting and wood carving, and his commissions often were for the German-type altar: sculptured centerpiece, carved Gothic pinnacles above, a predella…

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Michael Wolgemut

Wolgemut trained with his father Valentin Wolgemut (who died in 1469 or 1470) and is thought to have been an assistant to Hans Pleydenwurff in Nuremberg. He worked with Gabriel Malesskircher in Munich early in 1471, leaving the city after unsuccessfully suing Malesskircher’s daughter for breach of contract, claiming she had broken off their engagement.…

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Mihaly Zichy

Mihály Zichy (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈmihaːj ˈzitʃi]; German: Michael von Zichy; October 15, 1827, Zala, Hungary – February 28, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia) was a Hungarian painter and graphic artist.Mihály Zichy was a significant representative of Hungarian romantic painting. During his law studies in Pest from 1842, he attended Jakab Marastoni’s school as well. In Vienna…

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