Didier Barra

French painter, active in Italy. He was for a long time confused with FRAN?OIS DE NOM?, and the work of both artists was thought to be by a Mons’ Desiderio, a ‘highly praised painter of perspectives and city scenes’ (de Dominici). It is now generally accepted that Mons? Desiderio was the pseudonym of Didier Barra…

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Diego Velazquez

“ANECDOTES HAVE their own truth, deeper, often, than the bare historical truth that would be theirs if the events they pretend to record in fact took place. It is a matter of historical truth that Velazquez painted the great portrait of his slave and assistant, Juan de Pareja, during his second sojourn in Italy. Pareja…

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Dirk Bouts

Dieric Bouts (born ca. 1415 – 6 May 1475) was an Early Netherlandish painter. According to Karel van Mander in his Het Schilderboeck of 1604, Bouts was born in Haarlem and was mainly active in Leuven (Louvain), where he was city painter from 1468. Van Mander confused the issue by writing biographies of both “Dieric…

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Domenico de’ Rossi

Domenico de’ Rossi (1659–1730) was an Italian sculptor and engraver. In 1709 Domenico inherited the printshop of Giovanni Giacomo de’ Rossi, by the church of Santa Maria della Pace, the largest and most long-lived publisher of the Roman baroque. Several generations of the de’ Rossi participated in the family publishing firm established in the 17th century,…

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Edouard Chimot

Édouard Chimot (26 November 1880 – 7 June 1959) was a French artist, illustrator and editor whose career reached its peak in the 1920s in Paris, through the publication of fine quality art-printed books. As artist his own work occupies a characteristic place, but as editor also his role was extremely important in bringing together…

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Edvard Munch

“An anxiety haunts the work of Edvard Munch, [that] is expressed with a formal inventiveness that impinges upon the emotions before we are even aware of the subject; the deeper regions of the psyche are accessible only through the potent agency of rhythm and color. “… When Munch began studying art in Christiania (now Oslo),…

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Edward Burne-Jones

“Burne-Jones is the most important and the best painter of the second wave of Pre-Raphaelites. A poetic young man from Birmingham who, like Morris, was preparing for a career in the church, he never had any academic art training and consequently developed his own very distinctive approach, using medieval models as his template but invigorating…

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El Greco

The National Gallery’s once-in-a-lifetime El Greco exhibition closes next Sunday, so this week’s picture is one of the star attractions of the show: Laocoon, which was painted by the artist towards the end of life, in the early 1610s. Like last week’s painting of St Lucy by Francesco del Cossa, this work was once owned…

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Elihu Vedder

Elihu Vedder is an American artist who never lived in Britain, and finds a place on these pages, along with a few other foreign painters, because his work is so much in the same spirit as that of British Victorian artists, and especially the Classical School. The so-called ‘American Pre-Raphaelites’ tend to be landscape painters,…

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Eliphas Levi

Eliphas Levi, born Alphonse Louis Constant (February 8, 1810 – May 31, 1875), was a French occult author and ceremonial magician. “Eliphas Levi”, the name under which he published his books, was his attempt to translate or transliterate his given names “Alphonse Louis” into Hebrew although he was not Jewish. His second wife was French sculptress Marie-Noémi…

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Emile Friant

Émile Friant (16 April 1863, Dieuze, Moselle – 9 June 1932, Paris) was a French artist. Friant was born in the commune of Dieuze. He would later be forced to flee to Nancy due to the encroachment of the Kingdom of Prussia’s soldiers. His paintings were featured throughout his lifetime at the Salon, until a…

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Ernst Fuchs

Ernst Fuchs (born February 13, 1930) is an Austrian painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, architect, stage designer, composer, poet, singer and one of the founders of the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism. In 1972 he acquired the derelict Otto Wagner Villa in Hütteldorf, which he restored and transformed. The villa was inaugurated as the Ernst Fuchs…

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Eugene Delacroix

“The last of the great artists of the Renaissance and the first modern’; thus Baudelaire on Delacroix. For Baudelaire, Delacroix’s position as one of the great figures of art history was assured not just by his daring and originality qualities generally considered Romantic – but for the fact that they found expression within a tradition.…

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Evelyn de Morgan

Mary Evelyn De Morgan, née Pickering, was a late-Victorian artist who lived and worked in a period marked by cataclysmic changes. Born mid-century in an England ruled over by Queen Victoria, she lived to see a series of changes climaxing in 1914 with the collapse of established world order. It was amidst this atmosphere of…

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